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Sunday, April 26, 2020 | History

2 edition of Peat mining and large-scale land clearing found in the catalog.

Peat mining and large-scale land clearing

North Carolina. General Assembly. Legislative Research Commission.

Peat mining and large-scale land clearing

report to the 1985 General Assembly of North Carolina

by North Carolina. General Assembly. Legislative Research Commission.

  • 58 Want to read
  • 30 Currently reading

Published by The Commission, Distribution through the Legislative Library in Raleigh, N.C .
Written in English

    Places:
  • North Carolina.
    • Subjects:
    • Peat industry -- Law and legislation -- North Carolina.,
    • Reclamation of land -- Law and legislation -- North Carolina.

    • Edition Notes

      Includes bibliographical references.

      StatementLegislative Research Commission.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsKFN7656.5 .A25 1985
      The Physical Object
      Paginationii, 15, [21] p. :
      Number of Pages21
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL2666389M
      LC Control Number85621039

        The world’s most diverse forest could soon become less so if deforestation continues unchecked. More than half of all tree species in the Amazon may be considered threatened, according to research published Friday in the journal Science the next 35 years, common species such as the Brazil nut tree and plants that produce cacao and acai face a 50 percent decline. Threats to forests in KCCP come from large-scale external actors and from within the area, i.e. from small-scale activities such as swidden agriculture and forest fires (uncontrolled burning for land clearing) carried out by members of the community themselves (personal communication from KCCP senior staff, ; Wati ).Cited by: 3. Land Clearing and remediation work at Mining Areas, Plantation, and Swampy Land Area. Deepening and widening of Canals and riverways. Building Bunds, Flood Prevention and Land Reclamation. Building Walls for Fish and Shrimp Ponds as well as Mining wastewater treatment ponds. Clearing of Riverways and Water Reservoir.   Indonesia, the most extensively forested Southeast Asian nation, experienced the world’s highest annual rate of forest loss ( million hectares) in –, overtaking Brazil Over the same period, its road network increased by ~42%, with legally mapped roads expanding by ~, km in length Many roads have markedly increased nearby forest loss and degradation, particularly Cited by:


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Peat mining and large-scale land clearing by North Carolina. General Assembly. Legislative Research Commission. Download PDF EPUB FB2

LEGISLATIVE RESEARCH COMMISSION PEAT MINING AND LARGE-SCALE LAND CLEARING ''K^^^^^ JAN 7 REPORT TO THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF NORTH CAROLINA LEGISLATIVE RESEARCH COMMISSION PEAT MINING AND LARGE-SCALE LAND CLEARING n-fp""" "fulfil REPORT TO THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF NORTH CAROLINA A LIMITED NUMBER OF.

Basic Peat Mining Techniques Small-scale dry peat mining from inland bogs ( acres) generally consists of three basic operations: 1) clearing the bog surface; 2) draining the bog to reduce the water content of the peat and facilitate the use of heavy equipment on the bog; and 3) mining the peat from the bog and processing it for sale.

In this paper we present documentation for the realistic assessment of the concept of peat as an energy alternative in the United States. A proposal to mine peat in north-central Florida provides the framework from which a community worksheet for the evaluation of Cited by: 1 1 MJ/kg = Kcal/kg 1 MJ/kg = Btu/lb Types of fuel peat.

Three types of commercial peat are commonly distinguished: milled peat having a moisture content of percent, air-dried sod peat with a moisture content of percent and, artificially dried compressed peat briquettes with a moisture content of percent.

Exploitation of peatlands for fuel has been under way in Ireland for years. Today traditional turf cutting, mechanical turf cutting and industrial peat extraction have accounted for a staggering loss of 47% of the original area of peatlands in Ireland.

This represents over half a million hectares of land. Peat from peat pits is used mainly as a source of energy and as horticultural peat for plant cultivation. Peat accounts for a very small part of Sweden's total energy production and is used as fuel at district heating plants and then usually together with various types of biofuels.

Sweden is a significant producer of horticultural peat in Europe. 2 Guiding Principles on Large Scale Land Based Investments in Africa The Declaration specifically urges member states to develop land policies that “take into ac-count their peculiar needs” in accordance with the key principles outlined in F&G.

In Octoberas part of its activities to promote dialogue, awareness and consensus on. Thoha et al. () stated that fire caused by human activities mostly originated from shrubs swamp burning and land clearing for farming, while hotspot density was determined by peat depth, land Author: Dicky Simorangkir.

Development of the Canadian Peat Harvesting Industry Jonathan Ho. Abstract Peat has long been a useful resource for humans all over the world where peat moss is found. In Canada, mechanized excavation of peat did not begin until late 19th Century.

The industry remained at a very small scale until the Second World War. Clearing of the peat swamp forests for agricultural activities, logging and drainage, local roads and mining activities have been widespread throughout Indonesia (mostly in Sumatra and Kalimantan.

The KFCP intervention area was part of the Ex-Mega Rice Project (EMRP) area. This was the site of a large-scale land conversion project known as the Mega-Rice Project (MRP) or the million-hectare rice project. 1 The project was implemented in –, covered 1, ha and built km of primary drainage canals (BAPLAN ).

Despite its ambitious objectives, the project established. Deforestation, clearance, clearcutting or clearing is the removal of a forest or stand of trees from land which is then converted to a non-forest use.

Deforestation can involve conversion of forest land to farms, ranches, or urban use. The most concentrated deforestation occurs in tropical rainforests. About 31% of Earth's land surface is covered by forests.

One of the most worrisome results of the large-scale clearing and cultivation of land is A) erosion and soil degradation. B) the inability to supply fresh water. C) the inability fo supply enough food for growing populations.

D) hurricanes. Introduction. Peat is commonly defined as the accumulation of the remains of plants found under waterlogged, acidic and low nutrient conditions, which cause incomplete decomposition (Rydin and Jeglum,Yule, ).An area covered by a layer of peat is known as a peatland (Rieley and Page, ).The formation of peat depends on numerous determinants such as a positive climatic moisture Cited by:   Peat accumulation rates in tropical peat swamp forests are highly variable, ranging from ~ to ~2 mm year −1 for individual sites (Dommain et al.

).The initial HPMTrop model study simulated peat height and C accumulation rates for inland and coastal peat swamp forests in Indonesia as ~ and ~ mm year −1 (respectively).

These rates are similar to mean long-term peat Cited by: Large actors such as oil palm and mining businesses influence land-use decisions at the district level. These dynamics have affected the Katingan initiative.

For example, the district head allocated parts of the initiative area to nine mining and six oil palm companies, which delayed the. Threats to forests in KCCP come from large-scale external actors and from within the area, i.e.

from small-scale activities such as swidden agriculture and forest fires (uncontrolled burning for land clearing) carried out by members of the community themselves (personal communication from KCCP senior staff, ; Wati ). Plans approved for large-scale peat extraction near Penicuik A application to remove millions of cubic metres of peat from Auchencorth Moss near Penicuik over the next twenty years has been approved by Midlothian Council.

The dry peat then becomes highly flammable, increasing the risk of large-scale fires when plantation developers use fire to clear land and burn agricultural waste. Greenhouse gas emissions also result when rainforest is cleared for oil palm plantations.

The peat mining pool is not a healthy place for floating, submerged and emergent macrophytes and algae; it contains none or few of the expected native aquatic plants. The depth and shape created by the present peat mining operation, and the poor water quality for aquatic life caused by mining disturbance and recirculation from processing, makes.

The main threat to the survival of orangutan populations in the wild is the massive expansion of palm oil plantations in Borneo and Sumatra.

Palm oil is the most widely used vegetable oil in the world, having even surpassed soya in terms of usage. Surging global demand for palm oil has fueled massive forest destruction throughout Indonesia and. Small scale mining activities which involve surface mining is an acceptable means of mineral exploitation in Ghana but has serious environmental consequences.

Although a number of laws and research papers have been written on restoration after a piece of land has been mined, not much detail is provided on the actual processes involved.

This review paper attempts a look at the process of. While land clearing for smallholder agricultural needs continues to be an important driver of habitat loss (Tyukavina et al., ), its impact is increasingly dwarfed by the demands of commercial interests (Austin et al., ).

The impact of land grabbing is of particular concern. Foreign companies from Asia and other parts of the world have. Most fires in Borneo are set for land-clearing purposes.

While the Indonesian government has historically blamed small-scale swidden agriculturalists for fires, World Wildlife Fund notes that satellite mapping has revealed that commercial development for large-scale land conversion – in particular oil palm plantations – was the largest single cause of the infamous – fires.

The prospect of mining and oil palm plantations taking place near villages promotes local land clearing. Active management of land strengthens tenure claims, improving the chances of protecting an existing property claim and ensuring compensation if land must be ceded to incoming projects.

1 Small Scale Mining in the Philippines: Towards Genuine National Development I. Introduction The Philippines is a mineral-rich country. With this, it is but logical for mining to become one of the economic sources of the country and for many Filipinos to be engaged in it.

Table 1. (a) Description of land use types assessed in this study: village forest (HD), Forest Estate, including watershed protection forest (HL), limited production forest (HPT), permanent (HP) or convertible production forest (HPK) (namely HPTK), and Non-forest Estate (APL), with (b) the total area for each land use through time, and (c) forest area within each land use (based on a Cited by: The peat swamp forest is a dual ecosystem, with diverse tropical trees standing on a 10m – 12m layer of peat-partly decayed and waterlogged plant material – which in turn covers relatively infertile soil.

Peat is a major store of carbon. If broken down and burned it contributes to CO 2 emissions, considered a source of global warming. @article{osti_, title = {Energy consumption in open pit mining}, author = {Nilsson, D. and Reddy, N.P.}, abstractNote = {This article evaluates energy consumption in overburden stripping using draglines, shovels and trucks, and scrapers.

Each of these systems is specified. In the dragline mine, overburden preparation, blasting, and reclamation are specified. The act of draining a hectare of tropical peat for plantation development itself emits an average of 55, tons of CO2 every year, roughly equivalent to.

Find construction Tenders and Projects within the building, infrastructure, mining and industrial sectors. Opportunities are researched throughout South Africa and Africa. We put new business prospect leads within your reach. Contact Leads 2 Business Head Office.

After a large-scale international protest, the Indonesian environment ministry decided to investigate the issuance of the permit. A lengthy court battle ensued. The director of Kallista Alam, Subianto Rusyid, was found guilty of illegally clearing peat.

A circa photograph of a field in Paulding County, Ohio — part of the Great Black Swamp. Taming the swamp began with clearing the trees, but it often took years to remove the stumps and dig ditches to drain the water. Visual: the Center for Archival Collections, Bowling Green State University.

@article{osti_, title = {Sunbelt strives for diversification}, author = {Jackson, D.}, abstractNote = {The Sunbelt Mining Co. is a subsidiary of the Public Service Co., of New Mexico which seeks out and develops additional resources for both its parent company and new customers.

The De-Na-Zin surface mine in the Bisti coalfield of New Mexico is described, together with the aggregate. Deforestation is when humans remove or clear large areas of forest lands and related ecosystems for non-forest use. These include clearing for farming purposes, ranching and urban use.

In these cases, trees are never re-planted. About 2, trees per minute are cut down in the rainforests. Rather shockingly, 36 million acres of natural forest. Peat areas that have been drained and burned for commercial use make up the bulk of BRG’s working area, driving the potential cost of the entire endeavor to $ billion, the study estimated.

Indonesia’s Supreme Court in Jakarta has rejected an appeal brought by palm oil company PT Kallista Alam against a judgment that it illegally burned huge swathes of the environmentally precious Tripa peat swamp in Sumatra and should pay billions of rupiah in compensation.

Tripa lies with the Leuser Ecosystem – the only place on earth. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to o lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed. Currently, most of the revenues from large-scale mining operations are used for tax purposes, collected by governments through royalties, corporate income tax, and various withholding taxes.

A World Bank study estimated that mineral exports for /03 were roughly US$ million, the bulk of which come from large-scale mining. Activities within Ulu Masen that threaten forests include large-scale agriculture, large-scale plantations (pulp timber, oil palm), mining (both small-and large-scale) especially in Aceh Jaya and Pidie districts, small-scale illegal timber harvesting, and land clearing for smallholder agricultural expansion and hunting (i.e.

burning bushes to. This chapter presents a discussion of impacts of uranium mining and processing operations on air quality, soil, surface water and groundwater, and biota.

Much is already known about the environmental impacts of mining, both on-site and off-site, and that body of information provides a basis for this chapter.

However, the primary emphasis of the chapter is on the unique impacts caused by.Biodiversity is a measure of how many different species live in an ecosystem. Human activities like changing land use, deforestation and peat bog destruction reduce this.US EPA-AWBERC LIBRARY United States Environmental Protection Agency and Government of Canada ISBN Copies may be obtained from: Great Lakes National Program Office U.S.

Environmental Protection Agency 77 West Jackson Blvd Chicago, Illinois U.S.A. EPA B Public Inquiries Environment Canada, Ontario Region Dufferin Street .